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BUSINESS PLAN FOR MINI PLANT FOR THE PRODUCTION OF MDF PLATES AND PANELS

MDF-boards and HDF-boards (from the English “Medium” and “High Density Fiberboard” – medium and high-density fibrous coating) – one of the most popular materials used in furniture production, second only to chipboard. Although the quality of MDF boards and HDF boards are significantly higher.

Open your business on the production of fiberboard profitable, cost-effective. In addition to furniture, they are used to make doors, exterior and interior decoration wall panels, speaker enclosures, floor coverings, in particular laminate.

TECHNOLOGY OF PRODUCTION MDF-PLATE
MDF production cycle diagram.

The popularity of MDF boards is understandable. Some manufacturers claim that in terms of their operational properties they are not inferior to natural wood products, solid wood panels, and at the same time – several times cheaper. Indeed, this material:

ecologicaly clean;
lasting;
moisture resistant;
resistant to the formation of fungi and bacteria;
resistant to mechanical stress.
And processing with special coatings and films makes it indispensable for the production of kitchen furniture.

Simplified, the process of producing MDF / HDF boards can be divided into the following stages:

First, wood logs rid of bark.
Then there is logging to the state of technical chips.
Flushing for disposal of garbage and extraneous inclusions.
Steam softening.
Transfer to grind to a state of porridge-like pulp.
The introduction of binders (resin, etc.).
Drying to a moisture content of 8-9%.
Then the so-called “carpet” of the plate is formed, primary pressing (pre-pressing) and the main hot pressing, grinding, cutting.

EQUIPMENT FOR THE PRODUCTION OF MDF-PLATE
Pressing profile.

The production line for the manufacture of MDF boards consists of the following list of equipment:

Debarker – price from 30 000 cu and above a new one, used can actually be purchased for 23-25 ​​thousand dollars.
Chipper – $ 3500 (at least 2-3 units are needed).
Refiner – from 10 to 30 000 $ depending on the manufacturer, condition, capacity.
Dispersant – $ 32,000.
Molding machine – $ 3,700.
The main press is $ 13,000.
Surface grinding machine – $ 1500-5000.
Additional equipment: belt conveyors, filters, chip pumps, batchers, mixers.
DIVERSIFICATION OF INVESTMENTS IN PRODUCTION BY EXPANDING THE RANGE
Front panels from MDF.

In addition to the sale of finished MDF paintings to furniture manufacturers, a good source of income is the organization of their production of facade panels from MDF. To do this, you need to decide on the assortment, buy the necessary equipment and establish sales.

MDF facades are classified:

By appointment (floor, wall, ceiling, facade, interior).
By type of coating (PVC film, veneer, paint), by shape, on solid and with inserts.
To get the panels, the MDF canvas is cut on a format-cutting machine, its price is about $ 4,000. Then with the help of a milling machine on the plane and the ends of the workpieces, a pattern and a profile are applied (the machine itself – from $ 6,000 + a milling and copy table – $ 500). And then grinding is done with a vibrating sander ($ 90). Waste is removed using an industrial vacuum cleaner ($ 250), and blowing the workpieces with a compressor ($ 200). After that, the paint is applied using spray guns (from $ 800).

Types of cladding of MDF boards – this is lamination, caching, post-formation, which occurs using:

PVC
paper resin films;
plastics;
adhesive compositions;
vacuum press.
The above nodes allow you to get about a hundred square meters. m of finished products per week, and 2-3 operators can service such a mini-line.

Opening a business for the manufacture of MDF facades will require a heated, well-ventilated room, with an area of ​​100 square meters or more. m

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