Your business: 3D printing of jewelry and bijouterie
What is the technology of 3D-printing jewelry? Is it possible to quickly earn money on it? In this article, we will consider the main components of a new trend and analyze its capabilities.
If at the words “3D printing of jewelry and jewelry” something like a cozy home office and an ordinary printer is drawn in your imagination, which at the output gives a finished designer product for sending and selling to a client, then you are very mistaken. At least at the time of writing, there are no such budgetary and simple technologies available to the average buyer. What you need to know before thinking about buying a 3D printer?
What is the essence of 3D jewelry printing technology
The basic principle of 3D printing is the “add” principle that underlies the so-called additive technologies. This means that the 3D printer, as it were, “grows” the product, layer by layer applying a powdery material, which can be wax, nylon or even metal. After printing the next layer, it is covered with a bonding agent for bundling the layers. As soon as the last layer is printed, excess material that is not provided for by the design is removed. Obtained using a 3D printer, the item, of course, can be considered a finished product, but when it comes to creating jewelry, it serves only as a model, a prototype of the final product. Without going deep into details, the whole process of making jewelry using 3D printing can be divided into the following stages:
Development of a 3D computer model. Designers visualize the idea of decoration in graphic editors like 3D-Brush or 3dx Max and send it to print.
Printing a prototype on a 3D printer. According to the “add” principle described above, the 3D printer prints a plastic prototype of the jewelry. After printing, the model is evaluated and adjustments are made to the design. The printed part is separated from the supports, washed, exposed to a curing exposure in the ultraviolet, and if necessary, slightly polished.
Filling with gypsum or a special solution. Printed models are soldered to the so-called wax barrel, and the resulting structure is poured with gypsum or a special solution. Hardening occurs.
Firing molds in the oven. The mold is heated in the oven. During firing, the wax is smelted, leaving a mold that accurately follows the outline of the original model.
Casting. The resulting form is poured with metal. After pouring, the mold is cooled, the filling material is washed out.
Postprocessing. Finished products are extracted, separated and polished. Gemstones are inserted if they are included in the design
In fact, while the basis of jewelry manufacturing technology has remained the same, only the approach to prototyping has changed. Now you can quickly and cheaply check how a particular jewelry design will look and be worn. 3D printing technology avoids waste, there is no need to cast a product from precious metals to assess its compliance with the desired sample. After casting, it is identical to the initial requirements. In addition, the 3D printer is able to create small items of products with high detail.
Jewelry House Jaubalet
As for the technology of 3D printing itself, there are two of the most popular working schemes: wax printing (most jewelers work with it) or photopolymer. There are many nuances when choosing a technology, as well as the number of different types of 3D printers, so it does not make sense to go into details in this introductory article. However, in general, experts and people with experience in 3D printing note that the surface quality of prototypes is approximately comparable in both cases. Wax outperforms photopolymer as a product after casting, but photopolymer outperforms characteristics such as strength and price.
Why 3D printing of jewelry is a trend
Jewelry created using 3D printing is a global trend. Due to the opportunity to translate any idea into reality in the eyes of buyers, such jewelry significantly outperforms traditional products offered in stores. And this is not surprising, because a product with an individual design can be purchased 50% cheaper than a mass market product, but you won’t have to wait for the order to be completed.
Business could not catch the new technology. 3D printing in the jewelry creation process is implemented by well-established jewelry companies as well as various startups related to 3D printing, online services that allow you to create personalized design jewelry. You can see the most striking examples in the material “11 startups in the field of 3D printing of jewelry”.
The success of 3D printing, as you might guess, is facilitated by global trends in society. Today, jewelry is not so much a proof of the owner’s success, as an emphasis on his personality. Simple jewelry chain stores that can not surprise the consumer with anything.